Garlic Growing Guide

Planting Garlic

  • These bulbs can be grown in almost any soil as long as it is well-drained and fertile.
  • Break the garlic head into cloves before planting.
  • Plant them with the pointy end up about 5 cm (2 in) deep and 15 to 20 cm (6 to 8 in) apart.
  • Water thoroughly after planting.

Growing Garlic

  • Weed regularly when plants start growing.
  • Water as needed during active growth periods, but allow the soil to become dry between watering.
  • All-purpose garden fertilizer applied at the beginning and middle of the growing season is effective.
  • Growing garlic is also a way to prevent insect infestations in the garden.

Care Garlic

  • Garlic bulbs are ready to be harvested when you can feel the individual cloves in the bulb, and the leaves turn yellow or brown.
  • To harvest, carefully lift the bulbs with a spade or a garden fork. Carefully brush off the soil and dry the plants for 2 to 3 weeks in a shaded area with good air circulation.
  • Once the garlic bulbs are dry, you can store them. Remove any dirt and trim off any roots or leaves.
  • Bulbs should be stored in a cool 5 °C (40 °F), dark and dry place.

Winterizing Garlic

  • During the winter months you should check your stored bulbs regularly and promptly use any that show signs of sprouting.
  • If you plan on planting garlic again next season, save some of your largest bulbs to plant again in the spring.